Maximilian's policies of religious neutrality and peace in the Empire afforded its Roman Catholics and Protestants a breathing space after the first struggles of the Reformation. Maximilien II du Saint-Empire traduzione nel dizionario francese - italiano a Glosbe, dizionario online, gratuitamente. Maximilian temporarily acted as the emperor's representative in Spain, however not as stadtholder of the Habsburg Netherlands as he had hoped for. He returned to Germany in December 1550 in order to take part in the discussion over the Imperial succession. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rudolf, who had been chosen king of the Romans in October 1575. In 1551 Maximilian attended the Council of Trent and the next year took up his residence at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, celebrated by a triumphal return into the city with a large entourage including the elephant Suleiman. July 11 » While exploring the North Atlantic Ocean in an attempt to find the Northwest Passage, Martin Frobisher sights Greenland, mistaking it for the hypothesized (but non-existent) island of "Frisland". In the 1550s, Vienna had more than 50,000 inhabitants, making it the largest city in Central Europe with Prague and before Nuremberg (40,000 inhabitants). Copyright protected work may not simply be copied or republished. He proposed that his consent should be necessary before any soldiers for foreign service were recruited in the empire; but the estates were unwilling to strengthen the imperial authority, the Protestant princes regarded the suggestion as an attempt to prevent them from assisting their co-religionists in France and the Netherlands, and nothing was done in this direction, although some assistance was voted for the defense of Austria. At length a compromise was reached: Philip was to succeed Ferdinand, but during the former's reign Maximilian, as King of the Romans, was to govern Germany. Fils de François-Ferdinand d'Autriche et de Sophie Chotek, duchesse de Hohenberg, Maximilien de Hohenberg épousa en 1926 Élisabeth de Walburg de Wolfegg et Waldsee. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. While his father Ferdinand concluded the 1552 Treaty of Passau with the Protestant estates and finally reached the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, Maximilian was engaged mainly in the government of the Austrian hereditary lands and in defending them against Ottoman incursions. Scopri Maximilien: Archiduc D'Autriche, Empereur Du Mexique. Enter your e-mail address and you will receive the monthly, free Genealogy Online newsletter (in English) with new pedigrees and news and tips on the largest genealogy website in the Netherlands and Belgium. He was married on September 13, 1548 to Marie d'Autriche, they had 3 children. Archiduc d'Autriche, Roi des Romain (1486-1519), Empereur germanique(1493-1519) Fils de l'empereur Fr d ric III, Maximilien fut lu roi de Germanie en 1486 l'unanimit par les princes allemands et succ da son p re en 1493, mais il ne se fit jamais couronner par le pape. In 1575, Maximilian was elected by the part of Polish and Lithuanian magnates to be the King of Poland in opposition to Stephan IV Bathory, but he did not manage to become widely accepted there and was forced to leave Poland. Portrait présumé de Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), by Sofonisba ANGUISCIOLA (c.1530-1625) Oil/ivoire (ovale), 5 x 3 7/8 in 12.8 x 9.69 cm. search for your ancestors and publish your family tree, empereur Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), https://www.genealogieonline.nl/rois-europe/I31500.php, A genealogical internet service provided by. Genealogical publications are copyright protected. The terms of the Treaty of Adrianople required the Emperor to recognise Ottoman suzerainty over Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia. May 16 » The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic. The Ottomans would besiege and conquer Szigetvár in 1566, but their sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, would die of old age during the siege. At the time of his birth, his father Ferdinand succeeded his brother-in-law King Louis II in the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Kingdom of Hungary, laying the grounds for the global Habsburg Monarchy. Archduke Charles of Austria (26 September 1565 – 23 May 1566). [5] Also, he was considered a promising commander, while Philip disliked war and only once personally commanded an army. View PORTRAIT DE MAXIMILIEN II DAUTRICHE 1527-1576 by Sofonisba Anguissola on artnet. He was named after his great-grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576), a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. A list of names from the publication appears. By his wife Maria he had a family of ten sons and six daughters. November 4 » Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city is nearly destroyed). On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.[1][2]. To his indignation, King Ferdinand appointed his younger brother Ferdinand II administrator in the Kingdom of Bohemia, nevertheless Maximilian's right of succession as the future king was recognised in 1549. Scarica subito, scopri Maximilien II su openMLOL. Maximilien II d'Autriche was born on July 31, 1527, son of Ferdinand Ier d'Autriche and Anne Jagellon. On his part Maximilian granted religious liberty to the Lutheran nobles and knights in Austria, and refused to allow the publication of the decrees of the council of Trent. ; dal Laborde nella « Revue ar-chéologique » VII (1850) 40 sg., da H. Zimmermann nello « Jahrbuch dei- kunst-historischen Sammlungen des allerhochsten … Maximilian's power was very limited; it was inability rather than unwillingness that prevented him from yielding to the entreaties of Pope Pius V to join in an attack on the Turks both before and after the victory of Lepanto in 1571; and he remained inert while the authority of the empire in north-eastern Europe was threatened. Fils de l'empereur du Saint-Empire romain germanique Maximilien Ier et de Marie, duchesse de Bourgogne, il meurt avant … L'archiduc Jean-Baptiste d'Autriche, à la tête de deux corps d'armée, tente d'envahir le nord de l'Italie. Meraviglioso il Castello di Miramare che si affaccia sul golfo di Trieste, a pochi chilometri a nord della città, e venne costruito per volere di Massimiliano d'Asburgo , arciduca d'Austria e imperatoredel Messico e successivamente fu dimora del Duca Amedeo d'Aosta. Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (28 March 1551 – 25 June 1552). Maximilien III de Habsbourg, surnommé le Maître allemand (der Deutschmeister), est né le 12 octobre 1558 à Wiener Neustadt en Autriche et mort le 2 novembre 1618 à Vienne (Autriche).Il fut archiduc d'Autriche antérieure et gouverneur du Tyrol. He refused to accede to the demands of the Lutheran princes; on the other hand, although the increase of sectarianism was discussed, no decisive steps were taken to suppress it, and the only result of the meeting was a grant of assistance for the war with the Turks, which had just been renewed. Il est un prince européen des XVe et XVIe siècles. May 1 » Stephen Báthory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become co-rulers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Despite Maria's commitment to Habsburg Spain and her strong Catholic manners, the marriage was a happy one. Now click on the desired name to select the person. Request permission to copy data or at least inform the author, chances are that the author gives permission, often the contact also leads to more exchange of data. Do not use this data until you have checked it, preferably at the source (the archives). He was a brother of Holy Roman Emperors Joseph II and Leopold II as well as of Queen Marie Antoinette of France. He also came in contact with the Lutheran teaching and early on corresponded with the Protestant prince Augustus of Saxony, suspiciously eyed by his Habsburg relatives. Biografia. Yet on a personal basis he granted freedom of worship to the Protestant nobility and worked for reform in the Roman Catholic Church, including the right of priests to marry. In November 1562 Maximilian was chosen King of the Romans, or German king, by the electoral college at Frankfurt, where he was crowned a few days later, after assuring the Catholic electors of his fidelity to their faith, and promising the Protestant electors that he would publicly accept the confession of Augsburg when he became emperor. Showing page 1. This failed because of Spanish opposition. [4] While his cousin was reserved and shy, Maximilian was outgoing and charismatic. State from whom you have copied the data and ideally also his/her original source. The religious demands of the Protestants were still unsatisfied, while the policy of toleration had failed to give peace to Austria. His reign also saw the high point of Protestantism in Austria and Bohemia and unlike his successors, Maximilian did not try to suppress it. Meanwhile, the relations between Maximilian and Philip of Spain had improved, and the emperor's increasingly cautious and moderate attitude in religious matters was doubtless because the death of Philip's son, Don Carlos, had opened the way for the succession of Maximilian, or of one of his sons, to the Spanish throne. May 6 » Spanish and German troops sack Rome; many scholars consider this the end of the Renaissance. Maximilian II figures in José Saramago's 2008 novel The Elephant's Journey. 16 avril 1481: François II et Maximilien d'Autriche signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. After several refusals he consented in 1560 to the banishment of Pfauser, and began again to attend the Masses of the Catholic Church. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. 10 mai 1481: François II et Edouard IV d'Angleterre signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. He also took the usual oath to protect the Church, and his election was afterwards confirmed by the papacy. Maximilien III de Habsbourg, archiduc d'Autriche, mieux connu sous le nom Massimiliano Maître Teutonique, était le troisième fils de l'empereur Maximilien II et Maria de l'Espagne. Evidence of this friendly feeling was given in 1570, when the emperor's daughter, Anna, became the fourth wife of Philip; but Maximilian was unable to moderate the harsh proceedings of the Spanish king against the revolting inhabitants of the Netherlands. Maximilien Ier archiduc d'Autriche (empereur du Mexique) Licensing . However, Charles' brother Ferdinand, who had already been designated as the next occupant of the imperial throne, and his son Maximilian objected to this proposal. He implemented the Roman School of composition with his court orchestra, however, his plans to win Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina as Kapellmeister foundered on financial reasons. August 8 » The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven. Guarda le traduzioni di ‘Maximilien’ in Italiano. Jan 23, 2015 - Anthonis Mor, Portrait of Mary of Austria, wife of Maximilian II (detail) 1551 In 1570 the emperor met the diet of Speyer and asked for aid to place his eastern borders in a state of defence, and also for power to repress the disorder caused by troops in the service of foreign powers passing through Germany. Maximilian died on 12 October 1576 in Regensburg while preparing to invade Poland. Archduchess Marie of Austria (27 July 1555 – 25 June 1556). He died on October 12, 1576. Maximilian would gather a large army and march to fight the Ottomans, but neither the Habsburgs nor the Ottomans would achieve much of anything from this conflict. Maximilian's relations with his uncle worsened, as Charles V, again embattled by rebellious Protestant princes led by Elector Maurice of Saxony, wished his son Philip II of Spain to succeed him as emperor. Guarda gli esempi di traduzione di Maximilien nelle frasi, ascolta la pronuncia e impara la grammatica. Philipp Wolfgang, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg. October 20 » The city of La Paz is founded by Alonso de Mendoza. Another of his sons, Matthias, also became emperor; three others, Ernest, Albert and Maximilian, took some part in the government of the Habsburg territories or of the Netherlands, and a daughter, Elizabeth, married Charles IX of France. Maximilien I er Portrait de l'empereur Maximilien I er par Albrecht Dürer . Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576), a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. -1792-1806 : François II, aussi empereur romain germanique sous le nom de François II Empire d'Autriche En 1804, l'Autriche devient un empire et François II devient empereur sous le nom de François Ier Empereurs d'Autriche-1804-1835 : François Ier -1835-1848 : Ferdinand Ier -1848-1867 : François-Joseph Ier Double monarchie d'Autriche-Hongrie From the age of 17, he gained some experience of warfare during the Italian War campaign of his uncle Charles V against King Francis I of France in 1544, and also during the Schmalkaldic War. July 12 » Mughal Empire annexes Bengal after defeating the Bengal Sultanate at the Battle of Rajmahal. Maximilian's rule was shaped by the confessionalization process after the 1555 Peace of Augsburg. They come from many sources and are not checked. He also was faced with the ongoing Ottoman–Habsburg wars and rising conflicts with his Habsburg Spain cousins. Correspondance de l'empereur Maximilien Ier et de Marguerite d'Autriche ... de 1507 à 1519 by Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1459-1519; Le Glay, André Joseph Ghislain, 1785-1863; Margaret, of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, 1480-1530 In September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary by the Archbishop of Esztergom, Nicolaus Olahus, and on his father's death, in July 1564, he succeeded to the empire and to the kingdoms of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. He is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. Maximilian sought the support of the German princes such as Duke Albert V of Bavaria and even contacted Protestant leaders like Maurice of Saxony and Duke Christoph of Württemberg. He died in Vienna, Austria. According to Fichtner, Maximilian failed to achieve his three major aims: rationalizing the government structure, unifying Christianity, and evicting the Turks from Hungary.[3]. Maximilien de Hohenberg, né le 29 septembre 1902 à Vienne, mort le 8 janvier 1962 à Vienne. A genealogical internet service provided by Coret Genealogy. of Aragon", "Habsburg, Elisabeth von Oesterreich (Königin von Polen)", Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilian_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=977418251, Candidates for the Polish elective throne, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Although data is often retrieved from public archives, the searching, interpreting, collecting, selecting and sorting of the data results in a unique product. Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished in 1919. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/370517/Maximilian-II, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy", "Ferdinand V. of Castile and Leon and II. In 1780, he became Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, and in 1784, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne. Fears were freely expressed that he would definitely leave the Catholic Church, and when his father Ferdinand became emperor in 1558 he was prepared to assure Pope Paul IV that his son should not succeed him if he took this step. A partir de 1585 partir, il est devenu Archduchess Marie of Austria (19 February 1564 – 26 March 1564). Maximilien II du Saint-Empire fordítása a francia - magyar szótárban, a Glosbe ingyenes online szótárcsaládjában. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) on 24 November 1562. Type the first letters of the first or last name (at least 3 letters) in the input field. Be warned. While Philip had been raised a Spaniard and barely travelled out of the kingdom during his life, Maximilian identified himself as the quintessential German prince and often displayed a strong dislike of Spaniards, whom he considered as intolerant and arrogant. August 3 » The first known letter from North America is sent by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland. Archduchess Eleanor of Austria (4 November 1568 – 12 March 1580). His adherence to humanism and religious tolerance put him at odds with Philip who was more committed to the defence of the Catholic faith. Showing page 1. The couple had sixteen children: Maximilian II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Titré duc de Hohenberg en 1917.