[122], For the purposes of local government, Wales has been divided into 22 council areas since 1996. [342], Traditional Welsh dishes include laverbread (made from Porphyra umbilicalis, an edible seaweed); bara brith (fruit bread); cawl (a lamb stew); cawl cennin (leek soup); and Welsh cakes. The Parliament has 60 Members of the Senedd (MS) who are elected to four-year terms under an additional member system. These words (both of which are pronounced [ˈkəm.rɨ]) are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning "fellow-countrymen",[15][16] and probably came into use before the 7th century. Le Premier ministre du pays de Galles est le chef du gouvernement du pays de Galles. [91] The term "England and Wales" became common for describing the area to which English law applied, and in 1955 Cardiff was proclaimed as Wales' capital. [342] Wales on Sunday is the only Welsh Sunday newspaper to cover the whole of Wales. [145] The Brecon Beacons (Bannau Brycheiniog) are in the south (highest point Pen y Fan, at 886 metres (2,907 feet)),[146] and are joined by the Cambrian Mountains in Mid Wales (highest point Pumlumon, at 752 metres (2,467 feet)). [154] The Act of Union of 1536 formed a linear border stretching from the mouth of the Dee to the mouth of the Wye. [102] The governments of the United Kingdom and of Wales almost invariably define Wales as a country. It is celebrated on 25 January in a similar way to St Valentine's Day. [101], In a referendum in 1979, Wales voted against the creation of a Welsh assembly with an 80 per cent majority. Avant sa qualification pour l'Euro 2016, l'équipe de football du pays de Galles n'a participé qu'à une seule phase finale d'un grand tournoi international : la Coupe du monde de football 1958, dont elle atteint les quarts de finale. [108] The Wales Office is a department of the United Kingdom government responsible for Wales, whose minister the Secretary of State for Wales sits in the UK cabinet. Castell Arybrynwrthymôr is an hypothetical castle located on the North-West shores of Wales. [162] Il a donné Galles en français car le W germanique est devenu G en français (ex. Trains in Wales are mainly diesel-powered but the South Wales Main Line branch of the Great Western Main Line used by services from London Paddington to Cardiff is undergoing electrification, although the programme has experienced significant delays and costs-overruns. [280], The careers of some 1930s writers continued after World War Two, including those of Gwyn Thomas, Vernon Watkins, and Dylan Thomas, whose most famous work Under Milk Wood was first broadcast in 1954. Ses bureaux officiels sont situés à Cardiff[6]. National Assembly for Wales election, 2016, List of settlements in Wales by population, List of further education colleges in Wales, The Castles and Town walls of King Edward I in Gwynedd, Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain, "Cymru am byth! Ils ont également bâti la grande forteresse de Caerleon (Isca), où se trouve l'amphithéâtre le mieux préservé de Grande-Bretagne. Since the digital switchover in April 2010, the channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh. [294][295]The sculptor Sir William Goscombe John made works for Welsh commissions, although he had settled in London. The Welsh National Opera is based at the Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff Bay, while the National Youth Orchestra of Wales was the first of its type in the world. Sa mission est de renforcer les entreprises membres et de stimuler la prospérité commerciale du pays de Galles[9]. [75], Prior to the British Industrial Revolution there were small-scale industries scattered throughout Wales. The remaining 20 MSs represent five electoral regions, each including between seven and nine constituencies, using proportional representation. [160] The likelihood is that it will fall as sleet or snow when the temperature falls below 5 °C (41 °F) and snow tends to be lying on the ground there for an average of 30 days a year. Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, the economy is based on the public sector, light and service industries, and tourism. [39] After the Roman departure in AD 410, much of the lowlands of Britain to the east and south-east was overrun by various Germanic peoples. Une légende raconte que le roi Uther Pendragon (père du roi Arthur) voulait construire un château mais la terre tremblait et en détruisait sans arrêt les fondations. [346] Cambria, a Welsh affairs magazine published bi-monthly in English, has subscribers internationally. Au pays de galles, Anne conduisait lentement muriel vers la guérison. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 20 octobre 2020 à 07:16. [342] Y Traethodydd (The Essayist), a quarterly publication by The Presbyterian Church of Wales, first appeared in 1845; the oldest Welsh publication still in print. [226] In 2006, there were seventeen district hospitals in Wales. The highest of these is Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa), at 1,085 m (3,560 ft). [326] Track athletes who have made a mark on the world stage include hurdler Colin Jackson and Paralympian Tanni Grey-Thompson. English law has been the legal system of England and Wales since 1536. Le sport le plus populaire au pays de Galles est le rugby à XV. Chicken tikka masala is the country's favourite dish while hamburgers and Chinese food outsell fish and chips as a takeaway. traduction capital du pays de galles dans le dictionnaire Anglais - Francais de Reverso, voir aussi 'capital equipment',capital expenditure',capital formation',capital city', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques The 2011 Census showed 562,016 people, 19.0% of the Welsh population, were able to speak Welsh, a decrease from the 20.8% returned in the 2001 census. The highest mountains in Wales are in Snowdonia (Eryri), of which five are over 1,000 m (3,300 ft). Tous les panneaux indicateurs sont libellés à la fois en anglais et en gallois. The king ruled directly in two areas: the Statute divided the north and delegated administrative duties to the Justice of Chester and Justiciar of North Wales, and further south in western Wales the King's authority was delegated to the Justiciar of South Wales. By its height in 1913, Wales was producing almost 61 million tons of coal. Numerous Welsh banks issued their own banknotes in the 19th century. [278] After the Anglicisation of the gentry the tradition declined. [71] Glyndŵr went on to hold parliamentary assemblies at several Welsh towns, including Machynlleth. Published in: L' expansion : le magazine qui donne du sens à l'économie. In 2006 several regional radio stations were broadcasting in Welsh: output ranged from two, two-minute news bulletins each weekday (Radio Maldwyn), through to over 14 hours of Welsh-language programmes weekly (Swansea Sound), to essentially bilingual stations such as Heart Cymru and Radio Ceredigion. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The Penrhyn Quarry, opened in 1770 by Richard Pennant, was employing 15,000 men by the late 19th century,[78] and along with Dinorwic Quarry, it dominated the Welsh slate trade. Au total, le pays de Galles a plus de 1 200 km de littoral. The Presbyterian Church of Wales was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival in the 18th century and seceded from the Church of England in 1811. [217] State and local governmental edicts resulted in schooling in the English language which, following Brad y Llyfrau Gleision (the Treachery of the Blue Books), was seen as more academic and worthwhile for children. Partez à la découverte du Pays de Galles avec Brittany Ferries. English Translation of “pays de Galles” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. At its peak of production in 1913, nearly 233,000 men and women were employed in the south Wales coalfield, mining 56 million tons of coal. [193], The pound sterling is the currency used in Wales. [60] Starting in the 1070s, these lords began conquering land in southern and eastern Wales, west of the River Wye. [367] After the Second World War the substantial number of amateur companies that had existed before the outbreak of hostilities reduced by two-thirds. C'est nom le plus long pour une ville européenne, avec 58 lettres. [183] Cardiff was once the largest coal-exporting port in the world and, for a few years before the First World War, handled a greater tonnage of cargo than either London or Liverpool. The French team will begin its autumn campaign at Stade de France with a “friendly” match against the formidable Welsh side. The rebellion failed, Owain went into hiding, and nothing was known of him after 1413. [270] Poems such as Cad Goddeu (The Battle of the Trees) and mnemonic list-texts like the Welsh Triads and the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain, also contain mythological material. Partis tôt le matin de Londres, nous avons commencé notre visite par le château central de Cardiff. [140] Over 50 islands lie off the Welsh mainland; the largest being Anglesey, in the north-west. The Llangollen International Eisteddfod provides an opportunity for the singers and musicians of the world to perform. [131], Wales is served by four regional police forces, Dyfed-Powys Police, Gwent Police, North Wales Police and South Wales Police. Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, signalisation routière en double forme anglaise/galloise, championnat de rugby à XV du pays de Galles, liste des codes internationaux des plaques minéralogiques, « Life expectancy: Women in poorer areas dying sooner », 2011 Census: Key Statistics for Wales, March 2011, Géorgie du Sud-et-les îles Sandwich du Sud, Sainte-Hélène, Ascension et Tristan da Cunha, Corps interparlementaire britannique-irlandais, Commonwealth d'Angleterre, d'Écosse et d'Irlande (Protectorate), Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pays_de_Galles&oldid=175738679, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Page pointant vers des bases relatives aux beaux-arts, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la bande dessinée, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la géographie, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la musique, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la santé, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Aires principales de gouvernement local par statut cérémoniel (acquisition entre parenthèses), Saint David, saint patron du Pays De Galles. [88] For the first time in centuries, the population of Wales went into decline; unemployment reduced only with the production demands of the Second World War. [10][107] Constitutionally, the UK is a de jure unitary state, its parliament and government in Westminster. [90], Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925, seeking greater autonomy or independence from the rest of the UK. Richard Wilson (1714–1782) is arguably the first major British landscapist. [175] The north facing high grounds of Snowdonia support a relict pre-glacial flora including the iconic Snowdon lily – Gagea serotina – and other alpine species such as Saxifraga cespitosa, Saxifraga oppositifolia and Silene acaulis. In comparison, with 60 per cent of Wales above the 150m contour, the country also supports a variety of upland habitat birds, including raven and ring ouzel. Wales (Welsh: Cymru [ˈkəm.rɨ] (listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Et, de même, la pièce galloise de 1 sterling porte sur une face un poireau, et sur sa tranche la devise : « pleidiol wyf i'm gwlad » (« Je suis fidèle à mon pays »). L'équipe du pays de Galles, aussi appelé XV du Poireau bien que ce soient les trois plumes d'Autruche qui sont représentées sur le logo de l'équipe, participe chaque année au tournoi des Six Nations, compétition qu'elle a gagnée 23 fois dont dix grands chelems. Aujourd'hui, le gallois est, après l'irlandais, la deuxième langue celtique la plus parlée au monde, avec plus de 580 000 locuteurs recensés au pays de Galles[10] et 133 000 en Angleterre. [39] Archaeological evidence, in the Low Countries and what was to become England, shows early Anglo-Saxon migration to Great Britain reversed between 500 and 550, which concurs with Frankish chronicles. The Kardomah Gang was an intellectual circle centred on the poet Dylan Thomas and poet and artist Vernon Watkins in Swansea, which also included the painter Alfred Janes. [271][272][273] These texts include the earliest forms of the Arthurian legend and the traditional history of post-Roman Britain. [244] The Bible translations into Welsh and Protestant Reformation, which encouraged use of the vernacular in religious services, helped the language survive after Welsh elites abandoned it in favour of English in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Pacifist numbers during both World Wars were fairly low, especially in the Second World War, which was seen as a fight against fascism.